- Section 70 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973
- Form of warrant of arrest and duration
- Section 73. Warrant may be directed any person
- State through CBI v. Dawood Ibrahim Kaskar reported in 2000 (10) SCC 438
- Sundeep Kumar Bafna v. State of Maharashtra reported in 2014 (16) SCC 623
- Nazzimudin Fakrudin Kazi v. State of Gujarat reported in 2016(1) GLR 208.
- Narayan @ Narayan Sai @ Mota Bhagwan S/o. Ashram Bapu v. State of Gujarat repoted in 2013(0) AIJEL – HC 231437.
- Inder Mohan Goswami v. State of Uttaranchal reported in 2007 (12) SCC 1
- Omwati v. State of UP & Another (2004) 4 SCC 425
- State of U.P. v. Poosu & Another (1976) 3 SCC 1
- State through CBI v. Dawood Ibrahim Kaskar reported in 2000 (10) SCC 438
- Vikas v. State of Rajasthan reported in AIR 2014 SC (Supp) 1124
Criminal Procedure Code, 1973 – Warrant – the Court cannot issue warrant in aid of investigation prior to filing of chargesheet. Issuance of warrant, without serving notice or bailable warrant and that too in aid of investigation without direction to produce the accused before the appropriate Court is liable to set aside.
Criminal Procedure Code, 1973 – Judicial Custody – Once litigant is before the Court by filing of any proceeding, then, he is to be treated in judicial custody and in that case, it would be appropriate for the concerned Court to pass appropriate direction to such Petitioner to appear before the competent authority in aid of investigation and to ensure that investigation is completed.
IN THE HIGH COURT OF GUJARAT AT AHMEDABAD
CORAM: HONOURABLE MR.JUSTICE S.G.SHAH
Date : 20/10/2016
CRIMINAL REVISION APPLICATION (AGAINST ORDER PASSED BY SUBORDINATE COURT) No. 535 of 2016
JAYSUKH @ JAYESH MULJIBHAI RANPARIYA ( PATEL )….Applicant(s) Versus STATE OF GUJARAT….Respondent(s) Appearance: MR NIRUPAM NANAVATI, SENIOR COUNSEL with MR.VIRAL K SHAH, ADVOCATE for the Applicant(s) No. 1. MR MITESH AMIN, PUBLIC PROSECUTOR with MR. MANAN MEHTA, Additional Public Prosecutor for the Respondent(s) No. 1.
1. Rule. Mr. Mitesh Amin, learned Public Prosecutor with Mr. Manan Mehta, learned APP waives service of notice of Rule for Respondent No.1 – State of Gujarat.
2. Heard learned Senior Advocate Mr.Nirupam Nanavati with Mr. Viral K. Shah, learned advocate for the Petitioner as well as Mr.Mitesh Amin, learned Public Prosecutor with Mr. Manan Mehta, learned APP for the Respondent – State. Perused the record.
3. The Petitioner herein is accused with reference to Jamnagar City `A’ Division Police Station vide ICR No.105 of 2016 registered under Sections 384, 467, 468, 504, 506(2), 34 and 120(B) of IPC. The allegation in the FIR is to the effect that the property worth more than Rs.100 crores has been sold of by bogus power of attorney deed. Therefore, complaint is filed against as many as 13 accused amongst which present Petitioner is accused No.1.
4. However, at present, the impugned order is dated 2.7.2016 below the letters dated 22.7.2016 and 13.6.2016 by the PI of LCB police station, Jamnagar which are treated as applications by the Chief Judicial Magistrate, Jamnagar. By such letter applications, Investigating Officer has requested to issue warrant in English language so as to enable them to execute such warrant upon present Petitioner alleging that he is avoiding his arrest and selected his hideouts in other State submitting that in other State, a warrant of Court in English is necessary for arresting any such accused. Such warrant is prayed for with reference to
# Section 70 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973
5. If we peruse the application, it becomes clear that the only allegation in the application is to the effect that when Investigating Officer tried to arrest the accused, he could not be found at his last known address and though his application for anticipatory bail is cancelled, he is not available for investigation or arrest and, thereby, he is absconding and avoiding arrest and probably he has hidden in some other State and, thereby, there is no possibility to arrest him in near further and, therefore, when police of other State is demanding the warrant by the Court in English so as to arrest such person who are hiding in such other State, there is need of warrant under Section 70 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 in English. It is also contended that Petitioner was not available at his residence on different dates which is listed in such application viz; 27, 28, 29 May, 2016 and 10, 12, 28, 29 of June, 2016. When application is seeking warrant under Section 70 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (For short `Code’) initially provision of Section 70 needs to be referred here, which reads as under:
# Form of warrant of arrest and duration
1. Every warrant of arrest issued by a Court under this Code shall be in writing, signed by the presiding officer of such Court and shall bear the seal of the Court.
2. Every such warrant shall remain in force until it is cancelled by the Court which issued it, or until it is executed.
6. The bare reading of above provision makes it clear that it is providing the manner in which warrant is to be issued i.e. it shall be in writing and signed by the Officer of the Court and shall bear the seal of the Court and that it shall remain in force until it is cancelled by the Court or until it is executed. Therefore, practically, it seems that, though the Investigating Officer wants a warrant as provided under Section 70 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, enabling provisions to issue such warrant is under Section 73 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, which reads as under:
# Section 73. Warrant may be directed any person
(1) The Chief Judicial Magistrate or a Magistrate of the first class may direct a warrant to any person within his local jurisdiction for the arrest of any escaped convict, proclaimed offender or of any person who is accused of a non bailable, offence and is evading arrest.
(2) Such person shall acknowledge in writing the receipt of the warrant, and shall execute it if the person for whose arrest it was issued, is in, or enters on, any land or other property under his charge.
(3) When the person against whom such warrant is issued is arrested, he shall be made over with the warrant to the nearest police officer, who shall cause him to be taken before a Magistrate having jurisdiction in the case, unless security is taken under section 71.”
7. It is undisputed fact that though there is reference in sub Section (1) of Section 73 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 to issue warrant against “any person,” it is also certain that such “any person” is thereafter explained in the same Section, whereby, it is stated that arrest of “any escape convict” or “proclaimed offender” or “any person who is accused of a nonbailable offence and is evading arrest.”
8. Whereas, in sub Section (3) of Section Section 73 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, it is made clear that when the person against whom such warrant is issued, is arrested, he should be taken before a Magistrate having jurisdiction, unless security is taken under Section 71.
9. Section 71 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 empowers the Court to direct security to be taken. Thereby, any Court issuing a warrant for the arrest of any person may in its discretion direct by intimation if such person executes a bond, with sufficient sureties for his attendance before the Court at a specified time and, thereafter, only otherwise directed by the Court, the Officer to whom the warrant is directed shall take such security and shall release such person from custody.
10. Section 76 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 provides that person arrested is to be brought before Court without delay confirming that the Police Officer or other person executing a warrant of arrest shall, subject to the provisions of Section 71 as to security without unnecessary delay bring the person arrested before the Court before which he is required by law to produce such person, with a proviso that such delay shall not, in any case, exceed twentyfour hours exclusive of the time necessary for the journey from the place of arrest to the Magistrate’s Court.
11. Though there is provision of Section 80 in the Code regarding procedure on arrest of person against whom warrant is issued making it clear that unless the Court which issued the warrant is within 30 kilometers of the place of arrest or is nearer than the Executive Magistrate or District Superintendent of Police or Commissioner of Police within the local limits of whose jurisdiction, the arrest was made or unless security is taken under Section 71, he should be taken before such Magistrate or District Superintendent of Police or Commissioner; it seems that the proviso of Section 71 regarding twentyfour hours is being misused by the Investigating Agency and, therefore, such situation is arising in so many cases when police asked for warrant prior to filing of chargesheet.
12. The core issue in the present petition is practically to the effect that whether Court is empowered to issue warrant pending investigation and direct the accused to be arrested for the purpose of investigation though chargesheet is not yet filed before the Court and, thereby, Court has not taken cognizance. Thus, Court can issue warrant only after taking cognizance and to proceed further in accordance with law.
13. It seems that probably, there is practice to issue such warrant by so many Courts and, therefore, it is submitted that the police of other States are seeking such warrant to be issued by an order of the Court. However, the fact remains that irrespective of practices being followed on different places by different Courts and different authorities, whenever, issue is raised before the Judicial Authority, Judicial Authority has to rely solely upon the provisions of law and settled legal position that may be emerging from the decision of Hon’ble Supreme Court of India on the subject. Thereby, irrespective of any inconvenience or necessity of Investigating Agency or anyone else, even if, benefit is to be extended to the accused, then, there is no option but to extend such benefit to the accused irrespective of nature and gravity of crime or nature of the offender.
14. One such glaring example is the case of Dawood Ibrahim Kaskar whose identity does not need any details, but the full bench of the Hon’ble Supreme Court of India has, in similar situation decided the issue in his favour by cancelling the warrant. The case under reference is of
# State through CBI v. Dawood Ibrahim Kaskar reported in 2000 (10) SCC 438
details of which would be taken care hereinafter in sequence of facts and case law.
15. The other core issue is the concept of “Custody” of such accused when he has preferred several litigations before the competent authority either for quashing the complaint against him or for anticipatory bail or by challenging any such order of issuance of warrant as challenged in the present petition. It is settled legal position that once a person surrenders to the jurisdiction of the Court of law, he is to be treated either in custody or care/protection/shelter of the Courts where he is praying some equitable reliefs based upon the constitutional rights. The reference to the case of
# Sundeep Kumar Bafna v. State of Maharashtra reported in 2014 (16) SCC 623
would be material, wherein, meaning of custody is elaborated confirming the view taken in this judgment.
16. In the present case, though during the argument, it is emphasized that trial Court has no jurisdiction to allow such an application to issue a warrant to arrest and produce the Petitioner before the Police Officer pending investigation, the sum and substance of the Revision Petition is to the effect that when Petitioner was very well before the Judicial Authority, right from 27.5.2016 i.e. 2nd day of the FIR i.e. 25.5.2016 till filing of such application, it cannot be said that Petitioner is absconder and, therefore, there is no reason to issue warrant against him. It is further submitted that during such period of almost more than one month, Petitioner has exhausted his legal rights to quash the complaint or to get anticipatory bail but since he could not succeed in any such prayer, it cannot be said that he is absconding and, therefore, warrant is required to be issued as per impugned order. If we peruse the impugned order, it becomes clear that learned Chief Judicial Magistrate, Jamnagar has purely relied upon the statement of the later application and one judgment cited before it in the case of
# Nazzimudin Fakrudin Kazi v. State of Gujarat reported in 2016(1) GLR 208.
17. As against that Petitioner is relying upon the case of
# Narayan @ Narayan Sai @ Mota Bhagwan S/o. Ashram Bapu v. State of Gujarat repoted in 2013(0) AIJEL – HC 231437.
Therefore, this Court has no option but to discuss the rival submission before deciding the case finally by referring all relevant judgments on the subject.
18. Otherwise also the factual details are not much material at this stage because it is undisputed fact that there is FIR against the Petitioner and that he could not succeed in quashing such FIR or getting anticipatory bail and, therefore, sooner or later he would be arrested by the police. Thereby, he has no option but to surrender to the Judicial Authority for facing the trial and before that, he needs to cooperate with the investigating agency so as to enable the Investigating Officer to complete the investigation. At this stage, it is also clear that if Petitioner has not committed any offence then he has no reason to be afraid of appearing before the Investigating Officer and to submit his case with an attempt to convince the Investigating Agency that either he has not committed offence or there is no evidence against him to prove that he has committed any offence. But hiding from investigation would certainly result into issuance of such warrant, may be because of the aforesaid, such practice is being followed and also on account of different decisions on such issue by different Courts.
19. In any case, the law is well settled that the Court cannot issue warrant in aid of investigation prior to filing of chargesheet and it is also well settled position that once litigant is before the Court by filing of any proceeding, then, he is to be treated in judicial custody and in that case, it would be appropriate for the concerned Court to pass appropriate direction to such Petitioner to appear before the competent authority in aid of investigation and to ensure that investigation is completed. During such exercise, the only concern of accused may be regarding the powers of the Investigating Agency to keep him in police custody atleast for twenty four hours. Therefore, if that part is taken care of, the entire issue would be resolved with respect to all cases without multiplicity of proceedings in nature of present litigation.
20. For the purpose, following citations needs to be referred here:
# Inder Mohan Goswami v. State of Uttaranchal reported in 2007 (12) SCC 1
wherein, the full bench of Hon’ble Supreme Court of India has categorically held that;
“47. Before parting with this appeal, we would like to discuss an issue which is of great public importance, i.e., how and when warrants should be issued by the Court? It has come to our notice that in many cases that bailable and nonbailable warrants are issued casually and mechanically. In the instant case, the court without properly comprehending the nature of controversy involved and without exhausting the available remedies issued nonbailable warrants. The trial court disregarded the settled legal position clearly enumerated in the following two cases.
# Omwati v. State of UP & Another (2004) 4 SCC 425
this court dealt with a rather unusual matter wherein the High Court firstly issued bailable warrants against the appellant and thereafter by issuing nonbailable warrants put the complainant of the case behind bars without going through the facts of the case. This Court observed that the unfortunate sequel of such unmindful orders has been that the appellant was taken into custody and had to remain in jail for a few days, but without any justification whatsoever. She suffered because facts of the case were not considered in proper perspective before passing the orders. The court also observed that some degree of care is supposed to be taken before issuing warrants.
# State of U.P. v. Poosu & Another (1976) 3 SCC 1
at para 13 page 5, the Court observed:
“13…….Whether in the circumstances of the case, the attendance of the accused Respondent can be best secured by issuing a bailable warrant or non bailable warrant, is a matter which rests entirely in the discretion of the court. Although, the discretion is exercised judiciously, it is not possible to computerize and reduce into immutable formulae the diverse considerations on the basis of which this discretion is exercised. Broadly speaking, the court would take into account the various factors such as the nature and seriousness of the offence, the character of the evidence, circumstances peculiar to the accused, possibility of his absconding, larger interest of the public and the State”.
Personal liberty and the interest of the State
50. Civilized countries have recognized that liberty is the most precious of all the human rights.
The American Declaration of Independence 1776, French Declaration of the Rights of Men and the Citizen 1789, Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenant of Civil and Political Rights 1966 all speak with one voice liberty is the natural and inalienable right of every human being. Similarly, Article 21 of our Constitution proclaims that no one shall be deprived of his liberty except in accordance with the procedure prescribed by law.
51. The issuance of nonbailable warrants involves interference with personal liberty. Arrest and imprisonment means deprivation of the most precious right of an individual. Therefore, the courts have to be extremely careful before issuing nonbailable warrants.
52. Just as liberty is precious for an individual so is the interest of the society in maintaining law and order. Both are extremely important for the survival of a civilized society. Sometimes in the larger interest of the Public and the State it becomes absolutely imperative to curtail freedom of an individual for a certain period, only then the non bailable warrants should be issued. When nonbailable warrants should be issued
53. Nonbailable warrant should be issued to bring a person to court when summons of bailable warrants would be unlikely to have the desired result. This could be when: * it is reasonable to believe that the person will not voluntarily appear in court; or * the police authorities are unable to find the person to serve him with a summon; or * it is considered that the person could harm someone if not placed into custody immediately.
54. As far as possible, if the court is of the opinion that a summon will suffice in getting the appearance of the accused in the court, the summon or the bailable warrants should be preferred. The warrants either bailable or non bailable should never be issued without proper scrutiny of facts and complete application of mind, due to the extremely serious consequences and ramifications which ensue on issuance of warrants. The court must very carefully examine whether the Criminal Complaint or FIR has not been filed with an oblique motive.
55. In complaint cases, at the first instance, the court should direct serving of the summons along with the copy of the complaint. If the accused seem to be avoiding the summons, the court, in the second instance should issue bailable warrant. In the third instance, when the court is fully satisfied that the accused is avoiding the courts proceeding intentionally, the process of issuance of the non bailable warrant should be resorted to. Personal liberty is paramount, therefore, we caution courts at the first and second instance to refrain from issuing nonbailable warrants.
56. The power being discretionary must be exercised judiciously with extreme care and caution. The court should properly balance both personal liberty and societal interest before issuing warrants. There cannot be any straightjacket formula for issuance of warrants but as a general rule, unless an accused is charged with the commission of an offence of a heinous crime and it is feared that he is likely to tamper or destroy the evidence or is likely to evade the process of law, issuance of nonbailable warrants should be avoided.
57. The Court should try to maintain proper balance between individual liberty and the interest of the public and the State while issuing nonbailable warrant.
58. On consideration of the totality of facts and circumstances of this case, the impugned judgment and order of the High Court cannot be sustained.”
# State through CBI v. Dawood Ibrahim Kaskar reported in 2000 (10) SCC 438
wherein, the full bench of Hon’ble Supreme Court of India has categorically held that;
“6. From the impugned order we find that before the Designated Court it was submitted on behalf of CBI that since it was making further investigation into the offences in respect of which chargesheet has earlier been submitted and since the presence of the Respondents, who were absconding, was absolutely necessary for ascertainment of their roles, if any, in commission of the offences, it was felt necessary to file the applications. It was further submitted that only after warrants and/or proclamations as prayed for were issued, that it (CBI) would be able to take further coercive measure to compel them to appear before the Investigating Agency for the purpose of intended further investigation. According to CBI under Section 78 of the Code and Section (3)(a) of TADA the Designated Court was fully empowered to issue warrants of arrest and proclamations. In rejecting the above contention the Designated Court held that after cognizance was taken in respect of an offence process could be issued to the persons accused thereof only to compel them to face the trial but no such process could be issued by the Court in aid of investigation under Section 73 of the Code.
12. The moot question that now requires to be answered is whether a Court can issue a warrant to apprehend a person during investigation for his production before police in aid of the Investigating Agency.
13. Chapter VI of the Code which is captioned as `processes to compel appearance’ consists of four parts part A relates to Summons; part B to warrant of arrest; part C to proclamation and attachment and part D to other rules regarding processes. Part B, with which we are primarily concerned in these appeals, has in its fold Section 70 to 81. Section 70 speaks of the form in which the warrant to arrest a person is to be issued by the Court and of its durational validity. Section 71 empowers the Court issuing the warrant to direct the officer who is to execute the warrant, to release that person on terms and condition as provided therein. Section 72 provides that a warrant shall ordinarily be directed to one or more police officers but if its immediate execution in necessary and no police officer is immediate available it may be directed to any other person for execution.
24. Now that we have found that Section 73 of the Code is of general application and that in course of the investigation a Court can issue a warrant in exercise of power thereunder to apprehend, inter alia, a person who is accused of a nonbailable offence and is evading arrest, we need answer the related question as to whether such issuance of warrant can be for his production before the police in aid of investigation. It cannot be gainsaid that a Magistrate plays, not infrequently, a role during investigation, in that, on the prayer of the Investigating Agency he holds a test identification parade, records the confession of an accused or the statement of a witness, or takes or witnesses the taking of specimen handwritings etc. However, in performing such or similar functions the Magistrate does not exercise judicial discretion like while dealing with an accused of a nonbailable offence who is produced before him pursuant to a warrant of arrest issued under Section 73. On such production, the Court may either release him on bail under Section 439 or authorise his detention in custody (either police or judicial) under Section 167 of the Code. Whether the Magistrate, on being moved by the Investigating Agency, will entertain its prayer for police custody will be at his sole discretion which has to be judicially exercised in accordance with Section 167 (3) of the Code. Since warrant is and can be issued for appearance before the Court only and not before the police and since authorisation for detention in police custody is neither to be given as a matter of course nor on the mere asking of the police, but only after exercise of judicial discretion based on materials placed before him, Mr. Desai was not absolutely right in his submission that warrant of arrest under Section 73 of the Code could be issued by the Court solely for the production of the accused before the police in aid of investigation.”
# Vikas v. State of Rajasthan reported in AIR 2014 SC (Supp) 1124
wherein, the full bench of Hon’ble Supreme Court of India has categorically held that;
“14. The Constitution of India is the grundnorm the paramount law of the country. All other laws derive their origin and are supplementary and incidental to the principles laid down in the Constitution. Therefore, Criminal Law also derives its source and sustenance from the Constitution. The Constitution, on one hand, guarantees the Right to Life and Liberty to its citizens under Article 21 and on the other hand imposes a duty and an obligation on the Judges while discharging their judicial function to protect and promote the liberty of the citizens.”
21. Though law is well settled by above referred decisions of the Hon’ble Supreme Court of India, it seems that when learned Single Judge in case of Nazzimudin Fakrudin Kazi (Supra) held that warrant under Section 70 can be issued at the stage of investigation if a person accused of non bailable offence is evading arrest. However, it is also clarified in the judgment that the person was arrested in execution of warrant and was required to be brought before the Magistrate who may then follow appropriate course available under Section 167 or Section 439 of the Code and, thereby, confirmed the order by Chief Judicial Magistrate issuing warrant against the Petitioner in that case.
22. The learned Single Judge has pointed out the difference of opinion in such reported case and in the case of Narayan @ Narayan Sai @ Mota Bhagwan (Supra), wherein, another learned Single Judge of this High Court has taken a contrary view prior to such reported judgment relying upon the case of State through CBI v. Dawood Ibrahim Kaskar (Supra) and thereby confirming that warrant cannot be issued in aid of investigation, as prayed for. It is submitted that though this judgment has been cited before the learned Single Judge in the case of Nazzimudin Fakrudin Kazi v. State of Gujarat (Supra) without disclosing that how it has been distinguished or how it is not applicable when learned Single Judge is taking a different view, practically, learned Single Judge has to refer the matter to the larger bench. At present, I do not wish to enter into such controversy regarding reference of such case to the larger bench but it is clear that thereby learned counsel is suggesting that if at all this Court is of the view to rely upon the judgment in the case of Nazzimudin Fakrudin Kazi (Supra) then the Court should refer the matter to the larger bench for appropriate directions in view of conflicting decisions. However, when I am relying upon the judgments of Hon’ble Supreme Court of India referred hereinabove, I do not see any reason to rely upon the judgment of Nazzimudin Fakrudin Kazi (Supra), more particularly, when in my opinion, in such cases, in addition to quashing the order of issuance of warrant, what is required is direction to the Petitioner who is consider in judicial custody, to appear before the Investigating Agency safeguarding his apprehension of being arrested and keep in police custody for twenty four hours considering it as their absolute right and thereby taken it as granted by Investigating Agency that they are entitled to detain a person for twenty four hours irrespective of nature of crime and person concerned.
23. It is also evident from above discussion and provision of law that in any case, in compoundable offences, non bailable warrant cannot be issued but initially even Investigating Officer has to issue a notice to the accused to remain present before him as provided under Section 160 of the Code which empowers the police officers to require attendance of any person before him though the word used in the Section is witness. In general, there is necessity to initially issue such notice and on noncompliance of such notice, bailable warrant and then only nonbailable warrant or otherwise police has got inherent power to inquiry from anybody, if there is sufficient evidence with him regarding commission of particular offence by any such person, for which order of warrant by judicial authority is not required at all.
24. However, as aforesaid, such issue can be resolved by quashing the order of issuance of warrant in aid of investigation but with direction to the Petitioner to remain present before the Investigating Officer to see that investigation is completed and in that case Investigating Officer may arrest the Petitioner and may be produced before the Magistrate immediately at the earliest without waiting for twenty four hours considering the fact that period of twenty four hours is not mandatory and must as provided under Section 76 of the Code, which provides that such person shall be produced before the competent Court without unnecessary delay. Thereby, what is emphasized in Section 76 is production without unnecessary delay but with a rider that such delay should never be beyond twenty four hours. Therefore, it cannot be said that police is permitted to keep the accused in its custody for twenty four hours irrespective of all other issues like nature and gravity of offence, so also nature of accused. Thereby, though there is no classification amongst criminals, it is quite clear that if some hardcore criminal is arrested and if investigation is ongoing to get certain information or evidence, then, there may be delay in production of person before the Court but in cases where offence is on paper, probably, there is no need to keep the accused in police custody beyond office hours or atleast overnight. At the most, if Investigating Agency is of the opinion that continuous police interrogation is required to avail certain information and evidence then, in that case, police can certainly apply for remand.
25. A reference to the case of Kamal Kishin Lougani v. Senior Intelligence Officer in Criminal Misc. Case No.2023 of 2016 by Division Bench of Kerala High Court would be relevant, wherein, in similar situation, the Court has issued several directions and practically based upon such directions, the Investigating Agency has considered that no further order is required. A reference to the order dated 16th September, 2016 in the case of Pravin Kanabhai Kandoriya v. State of Gujarat by Hon’ble Supreme Court of India in Special Leave to Appeal (Criminal) No.6885 of 2016 is also material, wherein, by such order dated 16th September, 2016, Hon’ble Supreme Court of India has also though rejected the application for anticipatory bail and though quashing petition was also rejected, extended a benefit against arrest for four weeks with a direction to the accused to appear before the Court and to file Regular bail application. It is also relevant to recollect the order dated 22.7.2016 in Special Leave to Appeal (Criminal) No.5350 of 2016 by Hon’ble Supreme Court of India in the case of Kamlesh Lakhubhai Falia v. State of Gujarat, wherein also, though benefit of anticipatory bail has been refused by the Hon’ble Supreme Court of India, the Hon’ble Supreme Court of India has directed the Petitioner to surrender before the trial Court and to make an application for bail with a direction to decide the same at the earliest in accordance with law.
26. In view of above facts and circumstances, when there is material irregularity and illegality in the impugned judgment, by issuance of warrant, without serving notice or bailable warrant and that too in aid of investigation without direction to produce the accused before the appropriate Court, impugned order dated 2.7.2016 by the Chief Judicial Magistrate, Jamnagar is hereby quashed and set aside but with following directions;
(A) The Petitioner shall appear before the Investigating Officer within a period of four weeks from today with prior intimation to the Investigating Officer. Such appearance shall be between 10.00 am to 6.00 pm during which Investigating Officer shall complete the investigation of the case.
(B) If at all, Investigating Officer requires the presence of Petitioner again on any other day, then, Petitioner shall continue to appear before the Investigating Officer as and when called upon by the Investigating Officer but only between 10.00 am and 6.00 pm.
(C) Petitioner can apply for bail before the competent Court and Investigating Officer can apply for police custody if he so desire.
27. This application stands disposed of with the above observations and directions. Rule is made absolute to the aforesaid extent. Direct Service is permitted.