How to dispose a bail application

The Kerala High Court on 1st January 2009 in Sr. Sephy Vs. Union of India, 2009 (1) KLT 126 : 2009 (1) KLJ 234 : ILR 2009 (1) Ker. 124 : 2009 (1) KHC 118 held that “for the purpose of bail, it is not necessary to go into the various details in the case diary, but it is enough that a prima facie case is made out.”

Justice K. Hema observed that “an application for bail, the bail-court should exercise its discretion in a judicious manner and any such disposal must be by passing an order, supported by good reasons.”

# Disposing of a bail application.

It is absolutely essential that the order in an application of bail must contain a brief examination of the existence or otherwise of a prima facie case. The court shall indicate in the order in an application for bail, reasons why bail is being granted or is being rejected, particularly where the accused is charged of having committed a serious offence. Any order which is bereft of such reasons would be bad in law, since there will be lack of application of mind.

At the stage of granting bail, a detailed examination of evidence and elaborate documentation of the merit of the case need not be undertaken.

This is mainly for the reason that the court has a duty to ensure that neither the accused nor the investigation/prosecution is prejudiced by any of the observations made by the court. If the case is at the initial stage of investigation, it is likely that any findings which may be entered into by the court in the order for bail is likely to affect or prejudice either of the parties adversely or favourably. Therefore, the court shall, as far as possible avoid entering of any definite finding or reaching any conclusion on facts, at the early stage of investigation.

# Was it necessary for the CBI to prove in this case that the third accused is not a virgin?

On the facts of this case, the Court viewed that, a virginity test was totally unnecessary. It was unfortunate that the third accused was subjected to such a ridicule, which does not serve any purpose, other than making an attempt to throw mud on a nun in public.

“It is even more unfortunate that the private parts of a nun are made to be discussed in public, without serving any purpose for the case. The virginity test has helped only to make a nun a subject of public ridicule and nothing more. I really wonder whether CBI will embark upon the task of proving potency of the alleged male partners! I maintain my judicial restraint because, this is only a bail application, the Court said.

Advocates M.K. Damodaran (Sr.), Alan Papali, Sojan Micheal, Gilbert George Correya, Dhanya P. Asokan, B. Raman Pillai, R. Anil, V.B. Sujesh Menon, Joseph P. Alex, Anil K. Muhamed, C.P. Udayabhanu, M. Anil Kumar, Preethi K. Purushothaman, Majo K. Jacob appeared for the petitioner and M.V.S. Namboothiry, Standing Counsel for C.B.I., advocates A.X. Varghese and A.V. Jojo appeared for the respondents.

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