University Act, 1974 (Kerala) – S. 22(1) – Syndicate Members – Term of office – The entitlement or disability of a person for successive membership in the Syndicate under the fourth proviso to Section 22(1) has to be decided by keeping in mind the entitlement of a person to become a member for two successive terms of four years each, that is for a total period of 8 years.
2011 (2) KLJ 117 : ILR 2011 (2) Ker. 232
IN THE HIGH COURT OF KERALA AT ERNAKULAM
The Hon’ble MR. Justice C.N.RAMACHANDRAN NAIR
The Hon’ble MR. Justice B.P.RAY
Dated this the 4th day of March, 2011
WP(C).No. 5794 of 2011(Y)
DR.K.A.ANDREW, AGED 56 YEARS, … Petitioner Vs 1. THE VICE CHANCELLOR, … Respondent 2. THE RETURNING OFFICER (REGISTRAR), For Petitioner :SRI.JOHN JOSEPH VETTIKAD For Respondent :SRI.M.RAJAGOPALAN NAIR, SC, KERALA UTY.
Ramachandran Nair, J.
Writ Petition is filed challenging Ext.P9 issued by the Registrar of Kerala University rejecting the nomination submitted by the petitioner for election to the Syndicate of the University for the reason that petitioner having been a member of the Syndicate for two terms in succession is not eligible to become member of the Syndicate for another term by virtue of the fourth proviso to Section 22 of the Kerala University Act, 1974, hereinafter called the “Act”. We have heard counsel appearing for the petitioner and senior counsel Sri. K. Gopalakrishna Kurup, appearing for the University.
2. Petitioner is Principal of a self-financed College affiliated to the Kerala University. He got first elected to the Senate of the University and therefrom representing Principals’ constituency, he got elected as member of the Syndicate for two terms commencing from 2000-04 and from 2006-2010. Admittedly a person who has been a member of the Syndicate for two terms in succession is not eligible to contest election for the third succeeding term. This prescription is provided under the fourth proviso to Section 22(1) of the Act. However, the petitioner’s case is that on expiry of the term of Senate and Syndicate in 2004, when he was a member, election could not be held in time and therefore Government constituted Senate and Syndicate for Kerala and Calicut Universties through nominations by virtue of the powers vested in the Government in the University Laws (Amendment) Ordinance, 2005. The nominated members of the Senate and Syndicate served around one and a half years and on election to the Senate and Syndicate in accordance with the statutory provisions, their tenure ceased and new Senate and Syndicate took over. The petitioner who was elected to the Senate and Syndicate for the term 2000-04 was reelected for the term 2006-10. Since there is no prohibition for successive membership in Senate and Syndicate, petitioner continued to be as such, and for the third term he filed nomination for election to the Syndicate from the Principals’ constituency which is rejected by the Returning Officer, namely, the Registrar of the University vide Ext.P9 holding that petitioner having completed two terms in succession as member of the Sy ndicate is not eligible to contest election for the third term in succession. While the case of the petitioner is that the period during which the nominated members constituted the Syndicate will create a break between 2004-06 and so much so, he has not served two terms in the Syndicate in succession, the case of the University is that interim arrangement made by the Government for continuation of the functioning of the Senate and Syndicate cannot be treated as one term of office of Senate or Syndicate referred to in the fourth proviso to Section 22(1) and so much so two terms served by the petitioner as Syndicate member from 2000-04 and 2006-10 should be treated as successive holding of office of Syndicate for two terms. University’s counsel relied on single Bench judgment of this Court in
SREEKANTAN NAIR V. CHANCELLOR, UNIVERSITY OF KERALA, ILR (1982) 1 Ker. 103.
Counsel for the petitioner has relied on another single Bench judgment of this Court in
RAMAKRISHNA PILLAI V. JOINT REGISTRAR, (1993) 1 K.L.T. 362.
3. In order to consider rival contentions, we have to refer to relevant provision of the Act, which is as follows:
22. Term of Office of members of Syndicate
(1) Members of the Syndicate, other than ex-officio members, shall hold office for a term of four years from the date of their election or nomination.
Provided that no person elected in his capacity as a member of a particular body or as the holder of a particular office shall be a member of the Syndicate for a longer period than three months after he has ceased to be such member of holder of such office unless in the meanwhile he again becomes a member of that electorate or the holder of that office:
Provided further that the member referred to in item (b) under the heading “Other Members” in Section 21 shall hold office for a period of one year from the date of his election or till he ceases to be a member of the Senate, whichever is earlier.
Provided also that the term of the Syndicate shall be co-terminus with the term of the Senate.
Provided also that no person other than an ex-officio member shall be eligible to hold office for more than two terms in succession.
Relying on sub-section (1) of Section 22 extracted above, counsel for the petitioner contended that two terms of membership in Syndicate in succession which disqualifies a member from contesting for the third term can be through election or nomination. Therefore according to him, after expiry of his first term as elected member of the Syndicate, there was another Syndicate created through nominations which is the immediately successive term of Syndicate from 2004, however short it may be, and therefore the term of office held by him as Syndicate member from 2006-10 should not be treated as holding office as Syndicate member in succession to the previous term, which was from 2000-04. However, the contention raised by counsel for the University is that short tenure of the Syndicate for one and a half years from 2004 till election was held in 2006 should not be treated as statutory term of office of the Syndicate and so much so, next full term of four years for which election was held in 2006 is to be taken as membership in succession for the second term. The controversy arising could be resolved by finding out the nature of constitution of Senate and Syndicate by the Government under the provisions of the Ordinance above referred to serve short period after expiry of the term of office of these bodies in 2004 till election was held in 2006. We have therefore to refer to relevant provision of the Ordinance in 2005 which is clause (8) and the same is extracted hereunder for easy reference: